Paul's Genealogy Pages

Discovering our American and European Ancestors

&nbs&nbs&nbs&nbs&nbs

George Biggers

Male 1840 - 1862  (22 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name George Biggers  [1
    John Biggar
    John Biggar
    Year: 1850; Census Place: Brownville, Jefferson, New York; Roll: M432_514; Page: 219; Image: 196.
    Born 1840  Witney, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    Birth, Marriage and Death Index - George Biggers
    Birth, Marriage and Death Index - George Biggers
    Christened 3 May 1840  Witney, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    St. Mary parish registers, baptisms
    Witney St. Mary Parish Registers - Baptisms
    Gender Male 
    Alt. Birth 1841  [6
    Census 6 Jun 1841  Witney, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    West End Street 
    UK 1841 Census
    UK 1841 Census
    Lists John Biggers (age 70), (grandfather?) of the John Biggers who was born 1839. The father to young John Biggers (age 3) is not enumerated in this census.
    Residence 6 Jun 1841  Witney, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8
    West End Street 
    UK 1841 Census
    UK 1841 Census
    Lists John Biggers (age 70), (grandfather?) of the John Biggers who was born 1839. The father to young John Biggers (age 3) is not enumerated in this census.
    Immigration 31 Oct 1842  New York, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Ship Alfred 
    partial transcript of passenger list of unkown ship
    partial transcript of passenger list of unkown ship
    The source of this information was:
    http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gsfn=&gsln=biggers&sx=y&year=1842&yearend=1842&f3=&f5=&f4=&f6=&f7=&gskw=&prox=1&db=newyork273&ti=0&ti.si=0&gss=angs-i&fh=0&fsk=&bsk=&rank=0
    Title page
    Title page
    Title page
    Title page
    Page 1, manifest of the Alfred
    Page 1, manifest of the Alfred
    Page 1, re-scan
    Page 1, re-scan
    Page 1a
    Page 1a
    Page 1a, re-scan
    Page 1a, re-scan
    page 2
    page 2
    Page 2a
    Page 2a
    page 3, manifest of the brig Alfred
    page 3, manifest of the brig Alfred
    John Beggers occupation shows as "Mechanic".
    page 3a
    page 3a
    page 4
    page 4
    Wreck of brig Alfred
    Wreck of brig Alfred
    Census 1850  Brownville, Jefferson County, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    John Biggar
    John Biggar
    Year: 1850; Census Place: Brownville, Jefferson, New York; Roll: M432_514; Page: 219; Image: 196.
    Census 1860  Brownville, Jefferson County, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    George Biggers
    George Biggers
    Image Source: Year: 1860; Census Place: Brownville, Jefferson, New York; Roll: M653_761; Page: 750; Image: 757.
    Military Service 18 Oct 1861  Adams Center, Jefferson County, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    enlisted in the 94th NY Volunteer Infantry 
    • Regiment: 094th NYVI
      Company: E
    Alt. Burial 1862  Dexter, Jefferson, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [12, 13, 14
    George Biggers
    George Biggers
    List of soldiers from Jefferson County who died in the Civil War.
    Alt. Burial 1862  Dexter, Jefferson County, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    Dexter Cemetery 
    Military-Beg. 13 Feb 1862  [16
    mustered in as a Private, Company E, NY Infantry 
    Alt. Burial Aug 1862  Bull Run, Prince William, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    _UID 443CD932A80E4FEBA0A0195B5A9CF692AD76 
    Buried Aug 1862  Bull Run, Prince William, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    George Biggers
    George Biggers
    List of soldiers from Jefferson County who died in the Civil War.
    Died 30 Aug 1862  Bull Run, Prince William, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [12, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
    Cause: Killed by a cannon ball at the 2nd Battle of Bull Run 
    Adjutant General Report
    Adjutant General Report
    NINETY-FOURTH INFANTRY 15

    BIGGERS, GEORGE. - Age, 21 years. Enlisted, October 18, 1861, at North Adams, to server three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February 13, 1862; killed in action, August 30, 1862, at Bull Run, Va.

    BIGGERS, JOHN. - Age, 22 years. Enlisted, January 7, 1862, at Watertown, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February 13, 1862; deserted, August 23, 1862, on the march near Waterloo, Va.
    Daily News & Reformer
    Daily News & Reformer
    1865 New York State Census - deaths
    1865 New York State Census - deaths
    Source:
    http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cnyfamilies/Vitals/jdeathsaj.html
    George Biggers
    George Biggers
    List of soldiers from Jefferson County who died in the Civil War.
    Person ID I537  Pauls Tree
    Last Modified 15 Apr 2015 

    Father John Biggers,   b. Feb 1804, Witney, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Sep 1876  (Age ~ 72 years) 
    Mother Frances Harris,   b. Cal 1806, Oxfordhsire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1858, Jefferson Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years) 
    Married 22 Jul 1822  Witney, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [24, 25
    Whitney1585m.pdf
    St. Marys Church, Witney, Parish Records
    See page 152
    Family ID F23  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    2nd Bull Run, August 30, 1862
    2nd Bull Run, August 30, 1862
    Second battle of Bull Run. Positions of troops Aug. 30, 1862.
    Wells, Jacob.
    CREATED/PUBLISHED
    [S.l., 1886]
    NOTES
    Scale 1:62,000.
    Reference: LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 583
    From Century illustrated monthly magazine, v. 31 Feb. 1886. p. 611.
    "Map of the last day's fighting," showing the first and last position of the troops, roads, railroads, towns, rivers, houses, names of residents, hachures, and vegetation.
    Description derived from published bibliography.
    SUBJECTS
    Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va., 1862--Maps.
    Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va.
    United States--Virginia--Manassas Region.
    MEDIUM
    1 map, 17 x 14 cm.
    CALL NUMBER
    G3884.M25S5 1862 .W47 CW 583
    REPOSITORY
    Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650
    DIGITAL ID
    g3884m cw0583000 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3884m.cw0583000
    Source:
    http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?gmd:9:./temp/~ammem_hMgl::@@mdb=aaodyssey,gmd,mmorse
    2nd Bull Run, August 27, 1862
    2nd Bull Run, August 27, 1862
    Item Title
    Map showing the positions of both armies August 27th, 1862 at night. [Second Manassas battle] Bowen & Co., lith., Philada.


    Pope, John, 1822-1892.

    Created/Published
    [Washington, Government Printing Office, 1866]


    Notes
    Scale 1:190,080 ("3 miles to 1 inch").
    Reference: LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 573.6
    From U.S. Congress. Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Supplemental report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the war, in two volumes. Supplemental to Senate report no. 142, 38th Congress, 2d session (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1866). v. 2, fol. p. 190.
    Accompanies "Report of Major General John Pope to the hon. Committee on the Conduct of the War." 217 p.
    "No. 3" is in the upper right margin.
    Map indicates roads, railroads, place names, drainage, and troop positions.
    Description derived from published bibliography.


    Subjects
    Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va., 1862--Maps.
    Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va.
    United States--Virginia--Manassas Region.


    Medium
    1 map, 17 x 23 cm.


    Call Number
    G3884.M25S5 1862 .P62 CW 573.6

    Repository
    Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650

    Digital ID
    g3884m cw0573600 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3884m.cw0573600

    Source:
    http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?gmd:21:./temp/~ammem_0l4C::
    94th Infantry battles
    94th Infantry battles
    As you can see from the above, between August 16 and Sept. 1, 1862, 24 enlisted men from the 94th NY Infantry were killed in battle. George Biggers was apparently one of those men. The above image was taken from "New York in the War of the Rebellion", 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
    http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/94thInf/94thInfTable.htm
    Camp Colors of the 94th Volunteer Infantry
    Camp Colors of the 94th Volunteer Infantry
    94th Regiment; NY Volunteer Infantry
    Camp Color; 18 1/2” hoist x 23 3/4” fly
    Civil War; Wool Camp Color in the US national pattern as prescribed in General Order No. 4, Headquarters of the U.S. Army, dated 18 January 1862. Source: http://www.dmna.state.ny.u

    Documents
    Harold Sanderson's Master Civil War Database
    Harold Sanderson's Master Civil War Database

  • Notes 
    • (Research):Google Search:
      "manassas plains" va august 30 1863«b»

      --------------------------------

      «/b»Second Manassas, Second Bull Run
      Gainesville, Brawner's Farm
      Civil War Virginia
      American Civil War
      August 28-30, 1862 «b»
      «/b»
      http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/va/va026.html

      -----------------------------------------------
      Excellent timeline for August 1862:
      http://blueandgraytrail.com/year/186208

      ---------------------------------------------
      Historical Sketch
      of the 94th
      by Adjt. Charles H. Sprague*

      History
      Taken from Final Report on the Battlefield of Gettysburg (New York at Gettysburg) by the New York Monuments Commission for the Battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga. Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Company, 1902.

      The Ninety-fourth Regiment, New York Volunteers, was raised in Jefferson County. Company enlistments began in October, 1861, the regimental organization being completed in January, 1862.

      Its rendezvous was at Sacket's Harbor, N. Y., where it was fully equipped, armed with the Enfield rifle, and mustered into the United States service for three years, with the following named field officers: Henry K. Viele, Colonel; Calvin Littlefield, Lieutenant Colonel; William R. Hanford, Major.

      The regiment left Sacket's Harbor, March 14, 1862, with about 800 men, accompanied by its own brass band and drum corps. On the following day it suffered its first loss of life, by an accident near Tivoli, on the Hudson River Railroad, where by the breaking of a rail five cars filled with men were precipitated into the river. One car was turned over, and the entire train derailed. Four members of Company G, and one unknown recruit were instantly killed, and a large number wounded. The instruments of the band were destroyed, and most of the equipments ruined.

      Much depressed by this ill fortune the regiment reached New York the next day, and at the Park Barracks was supplied with new equipments. It left on March I9th, by rail, for Washington, D. C., proceeding thence to Alexandria, Va., where it was assigned to permanent garrison duty at Fort Lyon, and Colonel Viele was appointed Military Governor of Alexandria.

      On May 2d, Colonel Viele unexpectedly resigned and Lieut. Col. Adrian R. Root, of the Twenty-first Regiment New York Volunteers, serving in the Army of the Potomac, was ordered by the War Department to report at Alexandria and take command as colonel. He accepted the position on condition that the Ninety-fourth should enter active service, and was ordered to join McDowell's column at Fredericksburg, then enroute to Hanover Court House to join McClellan's army.

      On May 13th, the regiment left by steamer with 750 men, and arrived at Aquia Creek in a heavy rain, where Colonel Root was notified by an army quartermaster that the Ninety-fourth would remain there to unload coal from barges, relieving a regiment which would go to the front, written orders to be given in the morning. Colonel Root at once formed the regiment, and starting through the rain and mud, marched that night ten miles beyond Brooke's Station and bivouacked. May I4th, it marched to Fredericksburg, reported to General McDowell for duty, and was brigaded with the Twenty-sixth New York, Col. William H. Christian; Eighty-eighth Pennsylvania, Col. George P. McLean; Ninetieth Pennsylvania, Col. Peter Lyle, as the Second Brigade, Second Division, McDowell's Corps, Brig. Gen. James B. Ricketts, commanding the division.

      On May 25th, while awaiting marching orders for Hanover Court House - only two days' march - orders were received to make a forced march to Front Royal, in the Shenandoah Valley, to intercept General Jackson, who had defeated General Banks. This ill-timed abandonment of the march to Richmond was received with dismay. We marched to Aquia Creek, where we left 50 men in hospital, and took steamer to Alexandria and cars to Manassas. On May 27th, 28th, 29th and 3Oth, we marched through Thoroughfare Gap and Manassas, leaving knapsacks, blankets, etc., at Piedmont Station, and reached Front Royal at night in a hard rain-storm, only to find that General Jackson had returned to Richmond to attack McClellan's army. This foolish march caused the Ninety-fourth a loss of over 100 men, and McDowell's Corps about 4,000 men.

      June 20th, Gen. Zebulon B. Tower assumed command of the First Brigade, relieving General Ricketts, who took command of the Second Division. During Pope's campaign, the Ninety-fourth took an active part, being present at the battle of Cedar Mountain, and the engagements at Rappahannock

      Bridge and Station, Thoroughfare Gap, and Gainesville. From August I4th to the 29th, Tower's Brigade served as the rear guard, while the Ninety-fourth was detailed as the final rear guard, much of the time deployed as skirmishers under fire, with such food as could be gleaned from corn fields, and with a constant loss of men killed, wounded, missing, or exhausted by hard service in the depressing heat of August.

      In the second battle of Bull Run, August 29 and 30, 1862, the Ninety-fourth bore a conspicuous part. It entered the action with about 400 men, and lost 21 killed, 81 wounded, and 45 missing; total, 147. The regiment, with General Tower, held its position on Bald Hill after the rest of the brigade had retired. Several hand-to-hand encounters occurred. General Tower was severely wounded, Colonel Root was twice wounded, the second time in rescuing the regimental colors from a rush of the enemy, and was especially complimented for gallantry in the reports of Generals Ricketts and McDowell. Lieut. J. M. Woodward was mortally wounded.

      In the official report of the Sixty-third Pennsylvania, the commandant of that regiment says: " I would here mention the names of two members of Company D, Ninety-fourth New York Volunteers, who asked permission to fight in our regiment, having become separated from their own. They attached themselves to Company B, of the Sixty-third Pennsylvania, and by their conduct showed themselves brave and good soldiers. The names of these two gallant fellows were First Sgt. Dexter C. Sears and Corp. Henry Sanders. Their conduct is certainly worthy of imitation." Sergeant Sears subsequently rose to the rank of captain and served during the remainder of the war with the Ninety-fourth New York. Lieutenant Colonel Littlefield succeeded to the command of the regiment, which was present at the battles of Chantilly, South Mountain and Antietam. Major Hanford resigned July 18, 1862, and Lieutenant Colonel Littlefield resigned November 1, 1862, They were succeeded by Lieut. John A. Kress, U. S. A., as lieutenant colonel, and Capt. De Witt C. Tomlinson as major.

      The Ninety-fourth was transferred November 15, 1862, from the Second to the First Brigade. Colonel Root was placed in command, and recommended for promotion to the rank of brigadier general. The brigade consisted of the 16th Maine, Lieut. Col. Charles W. Tilden. 94th New York, Lieut. Col. John A. Kress. 104th New York, Col. Gilbert G. Prey. 105th New York, Col. John W. Shedd. 107th Pennsylvania, Col. Thomas F. McCoy.

      At the battle of Fredericksburg, Lieut. Col. John A. Kress commanded the Ninety-fourth. On the day before the battle the regiment crossed the river and bivouacked near the Bernard Mansion. On the day of the battle, December 13, 1862, the corps moved down the river bank and went into action near Bowling Green Road. The brigade was hotly engaged, and about 2 o'clock made a determined bayonet charge on a line of breastworks at the railroad, in which affair the Ninety-fourth captured over 100 men of the Thirty-third North Carolina. In this battle the regiment lost 58, killed and wounded, while the brigade, which numbered about 1,300 men present, lost 52 killed, 369 wounded and 57 missing; total, 478.

      The Fredericksburg movement and the subsequent " mud march " having ended, the latter costing as many men as a large battle, the regiment went into winter quarters at Fletcher Chapel, Va. Having become reduced in numbers it was consolidated March 17, 1863, into five companies,- A, B, C, D, and E, and the One hundred and fifth New York was transferred to it, the men thus transferred having been consolidated into five companies, which became F, G, H, I, and K of the Ninety-fourth. The field officers and some of the line officers belonging to the One hundred and fifth were mustered out upon this consolidation.

      The One hundred and fifth New York was a regiment from the western part of the State - Rochester and vicinity - which had served honorably through the war up to this time. With the First Corps it had fought at Cedar Mountain, Rappahannock Station, Thoroughfare Gap, Second Bull Run, Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam and Fredericksburg. Its colonel, Howard Carroll, was mortally wounded at Antietam, and during its short term of service in the field - from August to December, 1862,- it lost over 200 men, in killed and wounded. At the time of the consolidation it was commanded by Col. John W. Shedd.

      Maj. De Witt C. Tomlinson resigned, April 13, 1863, and was succeeded by Capt. Samuel A. Moffett. Under his command the Ninety-fourth participated in the Chancellorsville campaign, moving from camp April 28th, and taking part in the engagement of the First Corps at Pollock's Mill, below Fredericksburg, April 30th. On May 2d, it marched ten miles up the Rappahannock River to United States Ford, and crossed. Colonel Root's brigade deployed and pushing back to the front several thousand fugitives, took position on the right, on the Ely's Ford Road. The First Corps recrossed the Rappahannock without loss, May 6th, the First Brigade remaining at the front, covering the withdrawal as rear guard. On May 7th, the regiment marched to White Oak Chapel, Va., and encamped there. The three brigades of the Second Division were consolidated May 20, 1863, into two brigades. The Thirteenth Massachusetts, Col. Samuel H. Leonard, joined the First Brigade, the command of which was given to Gen. Gabriel R. Paul. Col. Adrian R. Root was assigned to the command of a provisional brigade consisting of the Ninety-fourth New York, Fifteenth New York (Engineers), and Twentieth New York Militia (Eightieth N. Y. Vols.), and stationed near Belle Plain, Va., in charge of the landings at that place and Aquia Creek, and for general provost guard under the direction of army headquarters.

      General Lee's northern movement having begun in June, Colonel Root received orders to send all the sick and wounded from the field hospitals, and to ship all supplies of food and forage from depots to Washington, D. C., which was promptly done. The Fifteenth New York Engineers left for home June 17th, its term of service having expired.

      On June 17th, we received orders from General Hooker to evacuate Belle Plain and Aquia Creek, take shipping to Washington, and march to the mouth of the Monocacy and drive away guerillas. We arrived at Washington at 5 p. m., when an interesting incident occurred at headquarters, where Colonel Root reported in order to ascertain the shortest road. President Abraham Lincoln was present and took much interest in the movement, assisted in searching the map, and received a marching salute accompanied with hearty cheers, as he stood on the sidewalk to see the brigade pass. Reached the Monocacy, June 20th, and picketed the river and roads. On June 22d, by telegraphic order from General Hooker, we moved down the river eleven miles to Edwards Ferry. On the 25th, the Eleventh Corps crossed the Potomac into Maryland, and on the 26th, the First Corps, under Gen. John F. Reynolds, crossed.

      Colonel Root received orders to close up his duties at Edwards Ferry and follow the corps with the Ninety-fourth New York. We overtook the corps on the evening of the 28th, and were assigned to the First Brigade (General Paul), Second Division (Gen. John C. Robinson).

      On the morning of July 1, 1863, the Ninety-fourth New York, numbering 30 officers and 415 men present for duty, was resting near Emmitsburg, Md., at a point about eight miles from Gettysburg, Robinson's Division having bivouacked there. The two other divisions of Reynolds' (First) Corps were resting at Marsh Creek, about four miles from Gettysburg. Robinson's Division started on its march for Gettysburg at 7 a. m., and when within four miles of the town heard the cannonading which announced that the enemy had been found and encountered. Arriving on the field General Robinson halted his troops at the Lutheran Seminary, where they were engaged in throwing up breastworks when they were ordered into action on the right of the First Corps. The position occupied by Paul's Brigade was on Seminary Ridge, near the Mummasburg Road. The Ninety-fourth assisted here in repelling several strong attacks, during which a large number of Confederate prisoners were captured and several battle flags taken. Eighty-one dead Confederates were counted the following day, lying in front of the Ninety-fourth's position.

      General Paul was severely wounded during the fighting at this point, a bullet passing through both eyes and blinding him. Colonel Leonard of the Thirteenth Massachusetts then took command of the brigade, but he was wounded immediately, and the command devolved on Colonel Root of the Ninety-fourth, who in turn was disabled and succeeded by others. After a long fight, which for gallantry and stubbornness was unsurpassed in the war, the First Corps was obliged to yield its ground. The Eleventh Corps, the only other body of Union infantry on the field of this the first day's battle, had already commenced to fall back, and so the Ninety-fourth with the other regiments of its division retreated through the town, and took position on Cemetery Hill. A large number of the First Corps were headed off and taken prisoners in Gettysburg. Colonel Root, who was wounded, fell into the hands of the enemy and was made prisoner.

      Robinson's Division, including the Ninety-fourth, was placed on Cemetery Ridge, on the left of the Cemetery, facing the Emmitsburg Road, where it remained during the battle of the second day. On the afternoon of the third day the division moved to the support of the Second Corps at the time of Pickett's charge, but the assault was repulsed without its assistance. The losses sustained by the Ninety-fourth at Gettysburg aggregated 12 killed, 58 wounded (including those mortally so), and 175 captured or missing; total, 245. Nearly all of these casualties occurred in the battle of the first day.

      In company with a large number of men from the Ninety-fourth, who had been captured, Colonel Root assisted in caring for the Union wounded who were in the enemy's hands, having been designated by the Confederates for that purpose. When Lee's army retreated, Colonel Root and his men were left behind without being paroled, and the men returned to duty with the regiment. Colonel Root, by order of the Secretary of War, was assigned to duty as commandant at Camp Parole, Annapolis, Md., to reorganize the system of paroling, furloughing and exchanging prisoners of war.

      After Gettysburg, the Army of the Potomac returned to Virginia, where for the next four months it was engaged in a series of maneuvers and marches without bringing on any general engagement, and in all of which the Ninety-fourth participated. At Mine Run, Va., November 30, 1863, the regiment distinguished itself by a bold and successful dash on the enemy's picket line. General Robinson, the division commander, in mentioning this affair in his official report, says: "The enemy's pickets occupied the crest of the hill immediately in front, and it became necessary to dislodge them. This was handsomely done by the Ninety-fourth New York, under Major Moffett, which advanced to the stream, exposed to a severe musketry fire, crossed it, and, charging up the hill, drove away the Rebel pickets and took possession of the crest." The weather during the movement of the army to Mine Run was very cold and inclement, and the men who were on duty at night suffered greatly, some of the pickets freezing to death on their posts.

      Returning from this fruitless campaign the Army of the Potomac marched to Culpeper, Va., where it went into winter quarters, and remained undisturbed from December, 1863, to May, 1864. The Ninety-fourth New York was ordered to Annapolis, Md., where it was attached to the Eighth Corps temporarily, and where it remained on duty at Camp Parole until May 26, 1864, when it rejoined the army at the front. In the meantime most of the regiment re-enlisted for the war and went home on furlough, and the Ninety-fourth became the Ninety-fourth Veterans. Major Moffett was promoted lieutenant colonel, December 16, 1863, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lieutenant Colonel Kress, and was succeeded as major by Capt. John McMahon.

      On rejoining the Army of the Potomac the regiment was assigned to its old brigade, which was now in the Second Division of the Fifth Corps, the old First Corps having been merged in the Fifth just before the opening of the spring campaign. On June 6, 1864, the brigade became the First Brigade of Crawford's (Third) Division, Fifth Corps. It was commanded by Colonel Peter Lyle, of the Ninetieth Pennsylvania.

      The Ninety-fourth New York with Lieutenant Colonel Moffett at its head was ordered into action immediately on its arrival at the front, and was engaged May 26th at the battle of the North Anna, and a few days later, at Bethesda Church. Colonel Root at this time had been promoted to the command of the District of Annapolis, Md., with rank of brigadier general by brevet, and subsequently major general by brevet.

      Leaving Cold Harbor the Ninety-fourth, now in Baxter's Second Brigade, of Crawford's Division, marched to Petersburg, where it took part in the assault on the enemy's works, and was subsequently present at the mine explosion. At the battle of the Weldon Railroad, August 19, 1864, the regiment was cut off, and lost 6 officers and 164 men, mostly captured by the enemy. October 21, 1864, Maj. John McMahon was promoted to the colonelcy of the One hundred and eighty-eighth New York, and was succeeded by Capt. Henry H. Fish. The Ninety-fourth was engaged in the movement made on the Weldon Railroad, December 7-12, 1864, known as the Hicksford Raid, during which the men suffered severely from cold and exposure.

      At the battle of Hatcher's Run the regiment, led by Capt. George French, suffered a loss of 40 in killed and wounded out of 221 present on the field. It was in action again at Gravelly Run, on March 31st; and at Five Forks, April 1st, sustaining a loss of 12 killed, 49 wounded, and 24 missing or captured; total, 85. It only numbered 9 officers and 214 men present for duty on March 31st. Maj. Henry H. Fish, who was in command of the Ninety-fourth in this battle, was struck on March 31st, receiving a severe scalp wound, which would have justified him in leaving the field; but he remained with the regiment and fell, while gallantly leading it in action on April 1st. Capt. George French was killed in the same battle, and among others the stalwart color bearer, Porter Crawford.

      Major Fish was succeeded by Capt. Byron Parsons, April 13, 1865. The Ninety-fourth was present at Lee's surrender at Appomattox, after which it marched to Washington, D. C., under the command of its old colonel, Gen. Adrian R. Root, who had been assigned to the command of the Third Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Corps. After the Grand Review at Washington, May 23, 1865, the Ninety-fourth remained in camp, while the Army of the Potomac was being mustered out of service.

      During its service the regiment lost 116 killed and mortally wounded, 352 wounded, 103 who died of disease or from exposure, and 449 missing or captured; total, 1,020. Its last act was to contribute a liberal sum of money towards the erection of a monument to the memory of the late commander of the First Corps, Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds. At the close there were present 336 officers and men.

      It was mustered out of service at Ball's Cross Roads, Va., July 18, 1865, and was the last volunteer regiment in the Army of the Potomac to be mustered out. Capt. Walter T. Chester, of the Ninety-fourth, who served on the division staff, during the latter part of the war, states: " This is the reason why the Ninety-fourth New York was the last regiment in the Army of the Potomac. When the army was whittled down to a provisional division, the Ninety-fourth was in that division, and the order that constituted it, with General Ayres in command, assigned me to duty as mustering officer, and also directed me to muster it out. This I did, reserving the Ninety-fourth to the last, in order to remain in service myself, and even mustering out General Ayres and the volunteer officers of his staff before I did you, and then Captain Pond, of the regular army, mustered me out."

      It is not too much to claim that the Ninety-fourth won a record for discipline, devotion to duty, and bravery in battle, unsurpassed by that of any other regiment. Having been mustered out of service the regiment proceeded to Albany, N. Y., where it was paid off and disbanded July 31, 1865. The last of the rear guard!

      *Assisted by C. M. Morrison, Secy. Ninety-fourth New York Association, Sgt. Wm. Loan, Capt W. T. Chester, Lieut. C. W. Sloat, and Lieut. S. C. De Marse,

      Source:
      http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/94thInf/94thInfHistSketch.htm
      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      94th Infantry Regiment
      Civil War
      Bell Rifles; Bell Jefferson Rifles; Sackett's Harbor Regiment
      History
      The following is taken from «i»New York in the War of the Rebellion«/i», 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
      Mustered in: March 10, 1862
      Mustered out: July 18, 1865
      W. B. Camp received authority in October, 1861, as Colonel, to recruit a regiment of infantry. He was succeeded, November 4, 1861, by Gen. John J. Viele. This regiment was organized at Sackett's Harbor January 6, 1862, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years, March 10, 1862, with Henry K. Viele as Colonel. March17, 1863, the regiment was consolidated into five companies, A, B, C, D and E, and received the 105th Infantry as its Companies F, G, H, I and K. August 10, 1864, about 100 men of the 97th Infantry were transferred to it. At the expiration of its term of enlistment the men entitled thereto were discharged, and the regiment retained in service.
      The companies were recruited in Jefferson county, and the regiment left the State March 18, 1862; it served in General Wadsworth's command, Military District of Washington, from March, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, Department of Rappahannock, from May, 1862; in same brigade and division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in same brigade and division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1862; in 1st Brigade, same division and corps, from December, 1862; as Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, again from June, 1863; in the District of Annapolis, Md., 8th Corps, from December, 1863; in the 3d Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May 26, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, from May 30, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, from June, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, from June 11, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, same division and corps, from November, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, commanded by Col. Adrian R. Root, July 18, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
      During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 72 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 39 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, I officer, 138 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 249 enlisted men; aggregate, 254; of whom 37 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
      Source:
      http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/94thInf/94thInfMain.htm
      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [26]
    • (Medical):From: David M. Wade Jr.
      To: Paul Kelly
      Subject: Re: Biggers
      Date: Friday, August 15, 1997 8:54 PM

      Paul,

      Got your message about photocopies and I just wanted to inform you that the powers that
      be are already in motion. My mother never has really expressed an interest in the
      search of heritage and history, yet once I informed her of someone related to her
      Grandfather Arthur Biggers, well... She has called me to tell me she got all her
      records and documents out. We are both in the process of getting all these lines and
      supporting documents into a format her Grandchildren & Great-Grandchildren can have.
      You though won't have to wait that long as soon as I'm sure we've got all are notes
      properly copied they along will copies of all other documents will be on the way to you
      & your family. These papers will include the family line written by Arthur's own hand.


      I have been reviewing the Biggers line more this week and I can now tell you that John I
      came to America at the age of 38 somewhere in the range of 1842-43. He started a Carding
      Mill in Dexter N.Y. His farm was 2 miles north of Brownsville N.Y. Wife Fannie Harris
      died at age 56. Their children were: John II b. 1839 England // George b. abt. 1842
      England // Maria b.1844 New York //James (Jim) b. 1846 (listed as a Robert 1860 census
      ???) The brothers John and George were available for duty at the beginning of the Civil
      War. John did not join but fled to Maryland where he spent time aboard a whaling ship
      and was also taken prisoner at some point and sometime later is said to have escaped.
      Maybe the tales of his adventures were in his head as told to kin when he returned or
      fact, maybe a little of both. George was not so lucky, Hit by a cannon ball and killed
      Battle of Bull Run, Manassas, Va. after 1862, so that would make it the second battle.
      Youngest son James was said to have been a math genius, "Hit in the head by his
      stepmother for eating one of her pies and was never the same." I hope the pie was good.

      The Stepmother John I's 2nd wife was Jane Graves b. Ireland 1819 d. 1908 / 89 years.
      Graves was her 1st husband's name. Her children by Graves:
      John Graves 1844 // Wm. Graves 1846 // Joseph Graves 1849 // Barnett Graves 1851 //
      Approx date by census ages.

      John II / oldest daughter Stella never married and is buried next to her Grandfather
      John I in Dexter Cemetery, 4th row across from tall monument of Gilmore.

      Nicholas Van Brocklin d. 1884 age 89 (Dutch)
      Nancy Ann Schell d. 1883 age 88 (Germany)
      Parents of Margaret (Van Brocklin) Biggers

      Nancy Ann Schell's Father was Marcus Schell b. June 6,1764 Herkimer Co. NY Chr. July 5,
      1764 Reformed Dutch Church of German Flats married Catherine Elizabeth Roan b. circa
      1770 Herkimer , March 25 1788. Died after 1832 Herkimer NY

      Marcus Schell's Father was Johnannes Schell arrived port of Philadelpia 1732 or 1752 /
      Mother was Barbara Raspach.( I found a ship listing some years ago 10th Oct 1752 Phil.,
      Tuesday Ship " FOREST" Capt. Patrick Auchterlony from Rotterdam / Maybe??? )

      Do you know that both Eva & Arthur named a son Paul. Arthur's son was Paul Everett b.
      June 18,1910. Strange your name is Paul. Is your line Eva's Paul Webert. We want to
      know more about Eva's sons and where they went and the lives they lead. Arthur's
      children where artists / landscape architect / naturalist / seems thay had a deep
      appreciation for nature's beauty.

      David. [27]

  • Sources 
    1. [S381] US Census 1850 - Jefferson County, NY, National Archives and Records Administration, (Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2005. Original data: United States. 1850 United States Federal Census. M432, 1009 rolls. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.), Brownville, Jefferson, New York; Roll: M432_514; Page: 219; Image: 196. (Reliability: 3), 21 Dec 2005.
      Dwelling: 619
      Family: 623

      John Biggar
      Age: 40
      Gender: m
      Occupation: factory operations
      Value of real estate: 500
      Place of birth: Eng.

      M. "
      Age: 40
      Gender: f
      Occupation:
      Place of birth: "

      Maria "
      Age: 8
      Gender: f
      Place of birth: "

      John "
      Age: 12
      Gender: m
      Place of birth: "

      George "
      Age: 10
      Gender: m
      Place of birth: "

    2. [S1313] England and Wales, Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008, FamilySearch, ((https://familysearch.org/ : 2015)), accessed Apr 15, 2015), Entry for George Biggers; Vol. 16; Pg. 134; Line 37; Birth Registration, Witney, Oxfordshire, England, citing General Register Office, Southport, England. (Reliability: 3), 15 Apr 2015.
      Name:«tab»George Biggers
      Event Type:«tab»Birth Registration
      Registration Quarter:«tab»Apr-May-Jun
      Registration Year:«tab»1840
      Registration District:«tab»Witney
      County:«tab»Oxfordshire
      Event Place:«tab»Witney, Oxfordshire, England
      Volume:«tab»16
      Page:«tab»134
      Line Number:«tab»37
      Source: https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2NSG-FHN

    3. [S447] UK & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index 1837-1983, General Register Office, in London, England, (FreeBMD. England and Wales, Birth Index: 1837-1983 [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2006. Original data: Microfilm and microfiche of the England and Wales, Civil Registration Indexes created by the General Register Office, in London, England. © Crown copyright. Published by permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Office for National Statistics. You must not copy on, transfer or reproduce records without the prior permission of ONS. Database Copyright © 1998-2003 Graham Hart, Ben Laurie, Camilla von Massenbach and David Mayall.), Volume: 16, Page: 134 (Reliability: 3), 23 Jul 2006.
      Name: George Biggers
      Year of Registration: 1840
      Quarter of Registration: Apr-May-Jun
      District: Witney
      County: Berkshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire
      Volume: 16 Page: 134«u»
      «/u»

    4. [S182] Civil War Soldiers who died 1861-1862, Nan Dixon, (http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/died6162.htm) (Reliability: 3), 16 Nov 2004.
      Surname: BIGGERS
      First Name: GEORGE
      Initial: -
      Age at Enlistment: 21
      Regiment: 094THNYVI
      Co: E
      Death: 1862
      Age at Death: 22
      Cemetery Code: 28

    5. [S448] UK Oxfordshire Parish Registers - Witney (CD), Oxfordshire Family History Society, (Oxfordshire Family History Society 1994-2003 http://www.ofhs.org.uk/index.html Oxfordshire Family History Society; c/o Miss Angela E. Wood 40 Kersington Cresent Cowley Oxford, OX4 3RJ United Kingdom See also: http://www.ofhs.org.uk/whoswho.html Phone: 01865 718723 Email: AngeWd1@aol.com), St. Mary Parish Registers, Baptisms, Page 354 (Reliability: 3), 17 Aug 2006.
      1840 3 May BIGGERS George s. John & Fanny, Spinner

    6. [S111] SANDERSON'S MASTER FILE OF CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS, Harold Sanderson, (http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smast.htm), http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smastbb.htm (Reliability: 3), 26 Sep 2004.
      I am inferring that this person is a brother of John Biggers becuase of the fact that they 1. were born within a year of each other
      and
      2. that they both joined the same regiment and company.
      The convincing evidence is that Sanderson's records state that George enlisted first (10/8/1861) and then was killed in action. Date of death is 1862. What is interesting is that John enlisted January 7, 1862 - the same year his (apparent) brother was killed.
      John enlisted in the same regiment and company as George.

    7. [S443] UK 1841 Census, Ancestry.com, (Source Information:Ancestry.com. 1841 England Census [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2006.), Folio: 25, Page: 17, Line number: 2, GSU Number: 474571 (Reliability: 3), 18 Jul 2006.
      Place: West End
      NAME: John Biggers
      Age: 70
      Profession: Fuller
      Born in same County: Y

      NAME: Fanny "
      Age: 35
      Born in same County: Y

      NAME: Selina "
      Age: 10
      Born in same County: Y

      NAME: Rachael "
      Age: 9
      Born in same County: Y

      NAME: John "
      Age: 3
      Born in same County: Y

      NAME: George "
      Age: 1
      Born in same County: Y

    8. [S445] OXTowns website, (http://www.oxtowns.co.uk/witney/home.html), http://www.oxtowns.co.uk/witney/home.html (Reliability: 3), 22 Jul 2006.
      «b»Witney
      «/b»Since the Middle Ages, Witney was famous for the manufacturing of blankets using water from the River Windrush which, so the story goes, was the secret of their quality. Over recent years Witney has grown rapidly, yet it still manages to retain its charm as an attractive Cotswold market town.
      The market square which lies at the junction of the two main streets contains the Buttercross, a medieval marketing and meeting place where women from neighbouring villages gathered to sell butter and eggs. It has a steeply gabled roof surmounted by a clock-turret added in 1683. Opposite is the 17th century Town Hall. Market Square widens into Church Green which is dominated by the tower and spire of the 13th century church of St. Mary.
      The Henry Box comprehensive school near the church of St. Mary takes its name from a local boy who, like Dick Whittington, went to London to seek his fortune. In 1662 having succeeded he left money to fund the formation of the new school.
      A short distance from the town centre is the parish of Cogges where a Victorian working Manor Farm museum is situated.
      In nearby South Leigh the Church of St James is home to some remarkably well preserved medieval wall paintings and are well worth a visit.
      The Charlbury road leads through one of Witney's best preserved streets - West End, which gave rise to the song "Just an old fashioned house in an old fashioned street".

    9. [S346] Passenger Lists of Vessels arriving at New York, 1820-1897, National Archives Records Administration, (Microfilm Series M237, 675 rolls.), M237, Group 36., NARA: M237, Roll 51, List no. 929; LDS: Passenger lists 26 Oct 1842-15 Jun 1843, FHL US/CAN Film 2297 (Reliability: 4), 3 Nov 2005.
      List or manifest of all the passengers taken on board the Brig Alfred
      whereof Joseph C. Myers is Master, from Liverpool

      Name«tab»«tab»«tab»Age«tab»Sex«tab»Occupation Country to which they belong Country Intend.
      John Beggers«tab»«tab»38«tab»M«tab»Mechanic«tab»«tab»Great Britian United States
      Fanny Beggers«tab»«tab»37«tab»F«tab»«tab»«tab»Great Britian "
      Juliana Beggers«tab»«tab»10«tab»F«tab»«tab»«tab»Great Britian "
      Rachael Beggers«tab»«tab»6«tab»F«tab»«tab»«tab»Great Britian
      John Beggers«tab»«tab»4«tab»M«tab»«tab»«tab»Great Britian
      George Beggers«tab»«tab»2«tab»M«tab» Great Britian
      Augustus Pearman, a West End pilot from 1860's until 1899, was skipper of the pilot sloop "Secret" and found the deserted brig "Alfred" 15 miles southwest of Bermuda and brought her to safe harbour (ref: Bermuda's Architectural Heritage Series: Sandy's, p 140))
      Source:
      http://www.rootsweb.com/~bmuwgw/ships6.html
      -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      12/02/1842, Alfred, Three Rivers, P.E.I. (Prince Edward Island), Bristol, G. Britain:
      The Islander, Dec 02 1842: "In the Alfred from Three Rivers, to Bristol, Nov. 26, Messrs. John McGill and G. Chudleigh." - also - "Dec. 16, 1842: the brig Alfred which sailed from Three Rivers for Bristol has been cast away on the Cape Breton shore and become a complete wreck. Passengers were saved though they were on the wreck 48 hours before they could be saved." [CG]
      -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    10. [S379] US Census 1860 - Jefferson County, NY, National Archives and Records Administration, (National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.), Brownville, Jefferson, New York; Roll: M653_761; Page: 750; Image: 757 (Reliability: 3), 21 Dec 2005.

    11. [S111] SANDERSON'S MASTER FILE OF CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS, Harold Sanderson, (http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smast.htm), http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smastbb.htm (Reliability: 3), 26 Sep 2004.

    12. [S983] 1865 New York State Census, New York, Jefferson, (Digital images. Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints. \i FamilySearch.org\i0 . http://familysearch.org : 2015), Theresa, p. 119, dwelling n/a, family n/a, line 2, George Biggers; (http://familysearch.org : accessed Nov 2, 2013); citing "New York, State Census, 1865," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18045-65789-41?cc=1491284&wc=9391593), Jefferson > Theresa > image 61 of 63. (Reliability: 4), 2 Nov 2013.
      Deceased Veteran: Biggers, George
      Age at death: 22
      Civil: S
      Date entered service: Oct 1861
      Regiment at death: 94 NY
      Rank at death: Private
      Date of death: Aug 1862
      Place of death: Last Battle Bull Run
      Place of burial: Bull Run Battleground
      Cause of death: shot down in battle
      Comment/survivors: left 2 parents

    13. [S182] Civil War Soldiers who died 1861-1862, Nan Dixon, (http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/died6162.htm), http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/died6162.htm (Reliability: 3), 16 Nov 2004.
      Surname: BIGGERS
      First Name: GEORGE
      Initial: -
      Age at Enlistment: 21
      Regiment: 094THNYVI
      Co: E
      Death: 1862
      Age at Death: 22
      Cemetery Code: 28

    14. [S111] SANDERSON'S MASTER FILE OF CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS, Harold Sanderson, (http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smast.htm), http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/cemlist.htm (Reliability: 3), 26 Sep 2004.
      http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smastbb.htm
      http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/cemlist.htm
      Town Code Cemetery Location Vets
      BRW 28 Dexter Cmty Dexter Y

    15. [S862] Find A Grave online database, ((http://www.findagrave.com : 2012)), accessed Apr 15, 2015), Memorial for George Biggers; Find A Grave Memorial# 13422017; http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=13422017. (Reliability: 3).
      Birth: «tab»1840
      New York, USA
      Death: «tab»Aug. 30, 1862
      Manassas
      Prince William County
      Virginia, USA

      BIGGERS GEORGE
      094TH NY VI, Co. E
      d. 1862, Age 22

      Note: New York Civil War Card Files 1861-1865. Personal Research

      Burial:
      Dexter Cemetery
      Dexter
      Jefferson County
      New York, USA
      Plot: "Unknown" Burial Vault

      Created by: Bev
      Record added: Feb 23, 2006

    16. [S115] Adjutent General Report 1902, Adjutant-General of the State of New York, (The Argus Company, Printers Albany, 1903), 1902, page 15 (Reliability: 3), 16 Nov 2004.
      -----Original Message-----
      From: pbiggers []
      Sent: Tuesday, September 21, 1999 6:42 PM
      To: DWade36@aol.com; Paul F. Kelly; o'neil@mail.minnehaha.pvt.k12.mn.us; Coppervalleyfoundation@Juno.com; pbiggers@imcnet.net
      Subject: John and George


      I was looking up information on John & George Biggers being in the Civil
      War and found the following information in the Adjutent General Report
      1902 Page 15:

      BIGGERS, GEORGE.- Age, 21 years. Enlisted, October 18, 1861, at
      North Adams, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February
      13, 1862; killed in action, August 30, 1862, at Bull Run, Va.

      BIGGERS, JOHN.- Age, 22 years. Enlisted, January 7, 1862, at
      Watertown, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February
      13, 1862; deserted, August 23, 1862, on the march near Waterloo, Va.

      Both in E 94th NY Inf as Privates;

    17. [S408] State census records of Jefferson County, New York, 1825-1905, New York. Secretary of State, (The Church of Jesus Christ of Later-Day Saints Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972 16 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.), LDS/FHL microfilm # 0895247 (includes the towns of Rutland, Theresa, Watertown, Wilna and Worth) (Reliability: 3), 23 Jan 2006.
      Deceased Veteran: Biggers, George
      Age at death: 22
      Civil: S
      Date entered service: Oct 1861
      Regiment at death: 94 NY
      Rank at death: Private
      Date of death: Aug 1862
      Place of death: Last Battle Bull Run
      Place of burial: Bull Run Battlefield
      Cause of death: shot down in battle
      Comment/survivors: left 2 parents
      Census Town: Theresa

    18. [S985] Daily News & Reformer, New York. Watertown., E. G. Seymour, "From the Ninety-Fourth," Sep. 5 1862, p. ?, col. 2; digital images, \i Old Fulton NY Post Cards\i0  (http://www.fultonhistory.com/flash_ok.html : accessed 12 Jan 2014). (Reliability: 3), 13 Jan 2014.
      Daily News and Reformer
      Watertown, N.Y., Sept. 5, 1862

      FROM THE NINETY-FOURTH

      Washington, Sept. 3d, '62

      Editors Reformer


      I have but a short time to write you a report of our killed, wounded, and missing in the battle of Saturday last. I will, however, give it as correctly as time would permit.

      KILLED:
      Co. A - Las. O'Neil
      Co. B - Peter Kepler
      Co. C - William Tyler, Delos Bassinger, Amos Potter
      Co. D - John Frazer, Joseph Stype, Eugene Ramlin, Orlando Ferguson
      Co. E - Abram Christie, Nelson Rodgers, Geo. Biggers
      Co. F - Sergt. Alfred More, John Keig, Henry Spencer
      Co. G - Corporal M.S.B. Pringle, Mich'l Howard
      Co. H - Reuben Hart, Patrick Flaherty
      Co. I - William Caulfield
      Co. K - Corp. Martin E. Haverman/Hooverman
      Total killed: 21

      WOUNDED:
      Col. Adrian R. Root, side and leg by a reject ball.
      Co. A - Corp. Fred Baxter, leg; Ransom Campbell, left leg; Isaac Hurd, right arm; Gifford Brown, hip and back; William Bardeo, leg; Decatur Green, side; John McCann, hip;Chas. D. Merril, hand; Nelson Richards, left leg; Sebra Healy, left side; Wales Salsbury, right arm - 11
      Co. B - Jacob Barner, right elbow; Corp. Willard L. Cook, right arm, amputated; Lorenzo D. Jones, leg; Foster M. Drake, leg; Jainee Pierce, abdomen; Sergt. A. J. Marshall, right foot, slight - 6
      Co. C - Lieut. Searles, slight; Edw'd Garlan, right leg; Wm. H. H. Plummer, knee and buttock; Wm. McIntyre, left arm and side; Hiram McIntyre; Albert McNilt, left thigh - 6
      Co. D - Lieut. John More, hand; Gilbert Demarce, leg; Joseph Fields, right eye; Franklin Ferguson, left leg; John Hogn, left arm; Jas. P. Kirby, left arm; Robert Pierson, left thigh; John Scott, hip - 8
      Co. E - Serg't Myron B. Conklin, left thigh; Andrew Valeash, right leg; Peter LaPatrie, left hand; Charles Sperry, right shoulder; Chas. Parmenter, left arm; Wm. Wilder, unknown; Nicholas Rose, right side; Peter Sheldon, foot; Amos Rodgers, left leg; Robert Dennison, unknown; John Goldsmith, unknown -11
      Co. F - Winfiled Coleman, leg; Charles Boyce, left arm; Adelbert Bowell, left leg; Geo. Coleman, left leg; Franklin LaGroff, left cheek; William S. Ellsworth, foot, slight; Henry Fish, left leg; Walter B. Clarter, scalp; Serg't. Schyler Bibbins, leg; Benj. B. Hamilton, left side and right heel - 10
      Co. G - Lieut. E. V. Mahew, right thigh; Wm. McKendry, left breast; John Haae, left arm; Geo. Frazer, right hand; William Cooper, right thigh; Albert Person, right shoulder; Patrick Sheady, neck; John Ball, right foot; Charles Ball, probably killed. - 9
      Co. H Lieut. Geo. McOmber, shoulder; Serg't. Orrin D. Staplin, face; Serg't. Brayton C. Bagley, face; Patrick Finnerin, arm; David Yumen, arm; Aaron Spaulsbury, abdomen - 7
      Co. I - Oscar Blodgett, right thigh; Marshall Blodgett, left leg; Serg't. John Hawkins, knee; John LeFleur, chin; Francis Datush, back - 5
      Co. K - Lieut. W. J. M. Woodward, left groin; Serg't. Chas. B. Maxon, right thigh; Corp. Hiram Wallsoe, both legs; William Derosin, left knee; James Pitcher, right leg; Lovell Bullock, right arm; Constant Woodward, right knee; Hugh Farrel, left side; Thomas Card, unknown - 9

      MISSING:
      Co. A John Horton, Adolphus Sterling, Seg't Eugene Jewett, Geo. Sleeper, David Muckle, William S. Utley, John Otis, Edw'd Richardson - 7
      Co. B - John Bailey, Wm. Caris, Sylvester Fort, Wm. Goldthrite, Frank Jury, Wm. Levingston, Charles Pierce - 7
      Co. C - Oliver G. Cleaveland, Wm. H. Allen, John Miller, Oration Curtis, Albert Pool, Wdwin Pool, Franklin Rice - 7
      Co. D - Fred Lawrence, James Coign - 2
      Co. E - Serg't William Goldthrite - 1
      Co. F - Charles Powers, Dexter Corey, Samuel Blodgett, Geo. & Orrin Evans - 5
      Co. G - Randall Elmer, James Delaney, Wm. Clemmons, Turner Lilly, Robert Corrigan, Peter Carroll - 5
      Co. H - George Babcock - 1
      Co. I - James Defferard - 1
      Co. K - Serg't M. Cole, Alexander Colom, Oscar F. Champlin - 3

      You will find this report nearly correct. I think a good many of our men were sent off to the different hospitals immediately, and I did not have the opportunity of examining all of them, so I have had to rely on others for a part of my information.
      Yours in haste,
      E. G. Seymour,
      Ass't Surgeon, 94th N.Y.V.

    19. [S115] Adjutent General Report 1902, Adjutant-General of the State of New York, (The Argus Company, Printers Albany, 1903) (Reliability: 3).
      NINETY-FOURTH INFANTRY 15

      BIGGERS, GEORGE. - Age, 21 years. Enlisted, October 18, 1861, at North Adams, to server three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February 13, 1862; killed in action, August 30, 1862, at Bull Run, Va.

      BIGGERS, JOHN. - Age, 22 years. Enlisted, January 7, 1862, at Watertown, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February 13, 1862; deserted, August 23, 1862, on the march near Waterloo, Va.
      -----Original Message-----
      From: pbiggers []
      Sent: Tuesday, September 21, 1999 6:42 PM
      To: DWade36@aol.com; Paul F. Kelly; o'neil@mail.minnehaha.pvt.k12.mn.us; Coppervalleyfoundation@Juno.com; pbiggers@imcnet.net
      Subject: John and George


      I was looking up information on John & George Biggers being in the Civil
      War and found the following information in the Adjutent General Report
      1902 Page 15:

      BIGGERS, GEORGE.- Age, 21 years. Enlisted, October 18, 1861, at
      North Adams, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February
      13, 1862; killed in action, August 30, 1862, at Bull Run, Va.

      BIGGERS, JOHN.- Age, 22 years. Enlisted, January 7, 1862, at
      Watertown, to serve three years; mustered in as private, Co. E, February
      13, 1862; deserted, August 23, 1862, on the march near Waterloo, Va.

      Both in E 94th NY Inf as Privates;

    20. [S408] State census records of Jefferson County, New York, 1825-1905, New York. Secretary of State, (The Church of Jesus Christ of Later-Day Saints Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1972 16 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.), 1865 New York State Census LDS/FHL microfilm # 0895247 (includes the towns of Rutland, Theresa, Watertown, Wilna and Worth) (Reliability: 3), 23 Jan 2006.
      Deceased Veteran: Biggers, George
      Age at death: 22
      Civil: S
      Date entered service: Oct 1861
      Regiment at death: 94 NY
      Rank at death: Private
      Date of death: Aug 1862
      Place of death: Last Battle Bull Run
      Place of burial: Bull Run Battlefield
      Cause of death: shot down in battle
      Comment/survivors: left 2 parents
      Census Town: Theresa
      Information downloaded from this web page:
      http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cnyfamilies/Vitals/jvets.html

    21. [S181] Final Report on the Battlefield of Gettysburg, New York Monuments Commission for the Battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga, (Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Company, 1902) (Reliability: 3), 16 Nov 2004.
      In the second battle of Bull Run, August 29 and 30, 1862, the Ninety-fourth bore a conspicuous part. It entered the action with about 400 men, and lost 21 killed, 81 wounded, and 45 missing; total, 147. The regiment, with General Tower, held its position on Bald Hill after the rest of the brigade had retired. Several hand-to-hand encounters occurred. General Tower was severely wounded, Colonel Root was twice wounded, the second time in rescuing the regimental colors from a rush of the enemy, and was especially complimented for gallantry in the reports of Generals Ricketts and McDowell. Lieut. J. M. Woodward was mortally wounded.

    22. [S111] SANDERSON'S MASTER FILE OF CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS, Harold Sanderson, (http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smast.htm), http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyjeffer/smastbb.htm (Reliability: 3), 26 Sep 2004.
      KIA

    23. [S288] Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, Written by Union and Confederate Veterans, (Edited by Robert Underwood Johnson and Clarence Clough Buel from the editorial staff of "The Century Magazine.") (Reliability: 3), 15 Jan 2005.

    24. [S448] UK Oxfordshire Parish Registers - Witney (CD), Oxfordshire Family History Society, (Oxfordshire Family History Society 1994-2003 http://www.ofhs.org.uk/index.html Oxfordshire Family History Society; c/o Miss Angela E. Wood 40 Kersington Cresent Cowley Oxford, OX4 3RJ United Kingdom See also: http://www.ofhs.org.uk/whoswho.html Phone: 01865 718723 Email: AngeWd1@aol.com), St. Mary's Church, Marriage Register, Page 125 (Reliability: 3), 20 Aug 2006.
      Year: 1822
      Date: 22 Jul
      Husband: BIGGERS
      H_Forename: John (X)
      b. Hailey
      Wife: HARRIS
      W_Forename: Frances (X)
      sp. Hailey
      «i» Wits: «/i» William HARWOOD, Sarah STEVENS

    25. [S6] Wade, David M. Jr., David M. Wade, (1997).

    26. [S313] History of Jefferson County, NY - Everts, Holcom, L.H. Everts, J. M. Holcom, (Published by L.H. Everts & Co. , 714-16 Filbert Street, Philiadelphia, L.H. Everts, J. M. Holcom, 1878, Press of J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia), CD-ROM., pg. 558 (Reliability: 3), 1 Jan 2007.
      NINETY-FOURTH INFANTRY.
      This regiment was organized at Sacket's Harbor to serve three years. The companies composing it were
      raised in the county of Jefferson. It was mustered into the United States service on the 10th of
      March, 1862, and in March, 1863, was consolidated with the 105th Infantry. On the expiration of its
      term of service the original members (except veterans) were mustered out, and the regiment, composed
      of veterans and recruits, retained in service until July 18, 1865, when it was mustered out in
      accordance with orders from the war department. The 94th was actively engaged while in the service,
      and but little time elapsed between the date of its organization and its first engagement. The
      regiment participated in the battles of Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Chantilly, Chancellorsville,
      South Mountain, Antietam, Gaineville, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Tolopotomy, Bethesda
      Church, Petersburg, and Weldon Railroad, beside many skirmishes of more or 1ess importance, and
      suffered to a considerable extent. No detailed history has been prepared of the regiment, but its
      record is one of valiant deeds, and its scarred battle flags and maimed and dead soldiers are covered
      with the praises awarded by a grateful people to those who have made themselves famous.

    27. [S6] Wade, David M. Jr., David M. Wade, (1997) (Reliability: 3), 8 Dec 2004.
      From: David M. Wade Jr.
      To: Paul Kelly
      Subject: Re: Biggers
      Date: Friday, August 15, 1997 8:54 PM

      Paul,

      Got your message about photocopies and I just wanted to inform you that the powers that
      be are already in motion. My mother never has really expressed an interest in the
      search of heritage and history, yet once I informed her of someone related to her
      Grandfather Arthur Biggers, well... She has called me to tell me she got all her
      records and documents out. We are both in the process of getting all these lines and
      supporting documents into a format her Grandchildren & Great-Grandchildren can have.
      You though won't have to wait that long as soon as I'm sure we've got all are notes
      properly copied they along will copies of all other documents will be on the way to you
      & your family. These papers will include the family line written by Arthur's own hand.


      I have been reviewing the Biggers line more this week and I can now tell you that John I
      came to America at the age of 38 somewhere in the range of 1842-43. He started a Carding
      Mill in Dexter N.Y. His farm was 2 miles north of Brownsville N.Y. Wife Fannie Harris
      died at age 56. Their children were: John II b. 1839 England // George b. abt. 1842
      England // Maria b.1844 New York //James (Jim) b. 1846 (listed as a Robert 1860 census
      ???) The brothers John and George were available for duty at the beginning of the Civil
      War. John did not join but fled to Maryland where he spent time aboard a whaling ship
      and was also taken prisoner at some point and sometime later is said to have escaped.
      Maybe the tales of his adventures were in his head as told to kin when he returned or
      fact, maybe a little of both. George was not so lucky, Hit by a cannon ball and killed
      Battle of Bull Run, Manassas, Va. after 1862, so that would make it the second battle.
      Youngest son James was said to have been a math genius, "Hit in the head by his
      stepmother for eating one of her pies and was never the same." I hope the pie was good.

      The Stepmother John I's 2nd wife was Jane Graves b. Ireland 1819 d. 1908 / 89 years.
      Graves was her 1st husband's name. Her children by Graves:
      John Graves 1844 // Wm. Graves 1846 // Joseph Graves 1849 // Barnett Graves 1851 //
      Approx date by census ages.

      John II / oldest daughter Stella never married and is buried next to her Grandfather
      John I in Dexter Cemetery, 4th row across from tall monument of Gilmore.

      Nicholas Van Brocklin d. 1884 age 89 (Dutch)
      Nancy Ann Schell d. 1883 age 88 (Germany)
      Parents of Margaret (Van Brocklin) Biggers

      Nancy Ann Schell's Father was Marcus Schell b. June 6,1764 Herkimer Co. NY Chr. July 5,
      1764 Reformed Dutch Church of German Flats married Catherine Elizabeth Roan b. circa
      1770 Herkimer , March 25 1788. Died after 1832 Herkimer NY

      Marcus Schell's Father was Johnannes Schell arrived port of Philadelpia 1732 or 1752 /
      Mother was Barbara Raspach.( I found a ship listing some years ago 10th Oct 1752 Phil.,
      Tuesday Ship " FOREST" Capt. Patrick Auchterlony from Rotterdam / Maybe??? )

      Do you know that both Eva & Arthur named a son Paul. Arthur's son was Paul Everett b.
      June 18,1910. Strange your name is Paul. Is your line Eva's Paul Webert. We want to
      know more about Eva's sons and where they went and the lives they lead. Arthur's
      children where artists / landscape architect / naturalist / seems thay had a deep
      appreciation for nature's beauty.

      David.